Productive and decent jobs through sustainable business
Sustainable business has a major role to play in job creation. In June 2013, the ILO launched the Programme on Formalization of the Informal Economy in Latin America and the Caribbean (FORLAC) to support governments and social partners.
In Barbados the ILO helped the Government in policy development measures and promoting entrepreneurship, which were included in the National Budget.
In Bolivia, to support local initiatives on solid waste recycling, the municipal Government of La Paz trained micro-entrepreneurs on decent work and green jobs. Some 1,485 trainers and facilitators in business development gained easier and greener access to a larger audience/network using new technologies and social media channels such as Facebook and Twitter, and a common intranet platform.
Agricultural cooperatives were also strengthened in Colombia, Guyana and Peru.
In Haiti three new business service centres gave advice to enterprises in construction, agro-industry, mechanics and electronics as a result of an ILO-supported public-private partnership. Some 54 small enterprises produced more than 500,000 items for use in construction and rehabilitated small public infrastructures and 10 km² of pedestrian roads in deprived neighbourhoods.
Argentina has a Plan that links the strategy of industrial development with continuous training programmes. Guyana has revised its technical and vocational education policy to better match labour market demand. Bermuda and Saint Lucia have developed specific strategies for labour inclusion of people with disabilities through training. The ILO provides technical assistance to these processes and through CINTERFOR.
THE INTER-AMERICAN CENTRE FOR KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT IN VOCATIONAL TRAINING – CINTERFOR
CINTERFOR is a technical service of the ILO that responds to the needs of people, enterprises and countries in the field of vocational training and the development of human resources. It works as the core of a knowledge management network of entities related to these topics in Latin America and the Caribbean. It is based in Montevideo.
Enterprises cannot grow and prosper if the political and institutional environment is not enabling and fair and embodies unconditional respect for principles and rights at work. In Honduras the Consejo Hondureño de la Empresa Privada (COHEP) has developed a national agenda on sustainable enterprises.
Creating an enabling environment for sustainable enterprises also requires the development of sound employment policies, based on relevant and up-to-date information on the labour market. The ILO has supported national statistics offices, prepared overviews of employment trends in collaboration with the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), conducted research on rural employment with the FAO, and on women’s rights at work with UN Women, UNDP and ECLAC, thus promoting the Decent Work Agenda.
In Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, the design and execution of employment policies were facilitated by more comprehensive, integrated information systems.
PERU’S PLAN TO PROMOTE YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
In order to respond to the youth employment challenge – two out of every three unemployed persons in Peru in 2010 were young people, and four out of five young employed persons worked in precarious jobs – the Government of Peru adopted a national employment policy (2010–2014) and Youth Employment Action Plan.
By the end of 2012 more than 390,000 young women and men had benefited from the measures in the action plan.