The ILO concluded 93 new public and private partnerships (PPPs) in 2012-2013, compared to 28 in 2010-2011.
This significant increase means that the scope and range of areas covered by the PPPs has widened and covers all four strategic objectives and 14 outcomes (compared to only six in 2008).
The ILO works with companies, foundations and other private entities and with employers, workers and their organizations to tackle important global labour market issues, enhance supply chains and resolve specific world of work challenges.
The main results include –
- Employment: PPPs have significantly contributed to youth employment, improved policy frameworks and institutional capacities, enabling business environments for sustainable small and medium-sized enterprises, and fostering of entrepreneurship.
- Social dialogue and better industrial relations: training, tools and enhanced management and workers’ cooperation, particularly in factories and supply chains, improving working conditions, productivity, and compliance with international labour standards.
- Social protection: mitigating the impact of HIV and AIDS in the workplace, preventing new infections, improving national policies, and extending innovative microinsurance solutions to previously excluded people, improving workplace nutrition, protecting migrant workers, and training experts in the design and implementation of social security systems.
- International labour standards and the prevention and elimination of child labour: the ILO has supported enterprises and major buyers in supply chains to improve their performance, make them more sustainable, and align their practices with codes of conduct related to the elimination of child labour. PPPs have also allowed for an increased understanding of the situation on the ground in key sectors such as cocoa and tobacco, leading to the enhancement of child labour monitoring systems.
Combating child labour in the chocolate and cocoa industry:
a Public-Private partnership
This partnership in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire between the ILO and major multinational enterprises in the chocolate and confectionery industry seeks to eliminate child labour, improve working conditions, ensure workforce continuity in cocoa growing farms by younger generations, and guarantee supply.
Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire are the world’s largest cocoa producers and together account for 60 per cent of global production. In both countries, unacceptable labour practices on cocoa farms mean that large numbers of children are performing hazardous farming tasks or work, often at the expense of attending school. This is a grave violation of children’s rights, which requires action throughout the supply chain.
Through this partnership company representatives are involved in strategic planning with ILO constituents and key stakeholders on the elimination of child labour in cocoa growing areas, and contribute to the implementation of National Action Plans against child labour and national Child Labour Monitoring System (CLMS) strategies. By contributing to the creation of community-based CLMS, linked with government services and enforcement mechanisms, the project serves as a sustainable model for industry that can be scaled up to make a significant contribution to the achievement of the industry’s goal of a 70 per cent reduction in child labour in cocoa growing communities in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire by 2020.
One significant trend during these two years is the increase in partnerships without financial clauses that have contributed to knowledge, research and the development of tools, which is a key element in ensuring that the ILO is regarded as a global centre for technical excellence in the world of work.